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Which fabrics and fibres can cause allergies?

What is fabric allergy?

Have you ever had skin rashes after contact with a specific fabric? The material might make you allergic. The main sympotmps for fabric allergy are contact dermatitis (redness, scaling, and itching), burning eyes and tightness in the chest . Para-phenylenediamine and formaldehyde resins are the main causes of fabric allergies. These synthetic components provide fabrics their waterproof and wrinkle- and shrinkage-resistant properties. Formaldehyde resins can treat even some natural fibers, therefore it’s critical to research the manufacturers of your materials.

Which fabrics are most likely to cause allergies?

Common fibers including polyester, acrylics, rayon, and nylon can be harmful to those with skin problems. These fibers tend to trap moisture and are hydrophobic, which might irritate your skin. Lyocell and modal, two types of rayon manufactured from wood pulp, are acceptable alternatives. They offer good absorption qualities and are more environmentally and financially responsible solutions.

Natural fibers like wool can aggravate atopic dermatitis in most people and trigger skin reactions when used in winter clothing. 

*Wool, synthetics and nylon fabrics are the most common culprits for allergic reactions, which can also be very unpleasant.


What kinds of fabric are best for sensitive skin?

Cotton, linen, cashmere, silk, hemp, and fabrics manufactured from wood pulp are some of the most popular fabrics that are friendly to the skin. For people with various skin disorders, any fiber with good conductive and wicking qualities is beneficial.

Bamboo is a worthwhile material to purchase. This fiber has anions, which are good for the body and skin because they assist to clean the blood, relaxing the nervous system, and relieving allergy symptoms. Due to its antimicrobial qualities, which aid in keeping the skin bacteria-free, the material has seen an increase in use in the textile industry.

Although there are numerous skin-friendly materials available, not all natural fibers are always beneficial to the skin. When manufactured with hazardous colors, some materials like cotton and linen can be detrimental.

Guide for sourcing skin-friendly fabrics 

  • Regardless of whether the fabric is cotton, wool, cashmere, or synthetic fibers, it is crucial to choose high-quality materials with a low micron. Possum fiber has a tapered tip that is only 1-2 microns in diameter, making it particularly comfortable to wear.
  • Pick fabrics with effective moisture management capabilities. This will aid with comfort and reduce bacterial growth on the skin by drawing moisture away from the wearer’s skin. 
  • Choose materials that can regulate temperature, such wool, which can control body heat in both hot and cold situations.
  • Pick strong fabrics.  Strong fibers won’t break when the fabric is being made, which results in fewer fiber ends poking out of the cloth and less of a “prickle factor.”

How can I get a fabric allergy diagnosis?

An allergy test can be administered by an allergist to determine whether you actually have a fabric allergy. An allergy patch test might help you figure out what materials or substances aggravate your skin. The test typically confirms the diagnosis in two days. In the event that the results are favorable, your doctor will create a treatment strategy for you.



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